Before the winter months arrive, ensure that all cracks, holes, and other openings on the exterior walls are sealed tightly with caulk or insulation to prevent cold air from penetrating.
Insulate areas where vulnerable pipes are located by using electric heat tape.
Drain all outdoor pipes that supply water to your sprinkler system and turn off the water supply to the system.
Remove hoses from outside yard facets.
Keep all exterior entry, exit and overhead doors to unheated spaces closed as much as possible during the winter months.
Know the location of your main water emergency shut-off valve
If A Pipe Freezes:
Turn off the water supply to the frozen line
Remove insulation and wrap the pipes in warm rags, the pour hot water over the pipes until the water begins flowing again.
DO NOT try to thaw a frozen pipe with an open flame, it could lead to a fire.
If A Pipe Bursts:
SHUT OFF the water immediately to prevent additional damage
Take precautions to avoid an electrical shock from being in or near standing water
Call your plumber
Take an inventory of damaged property or positions
Try to encourage your tenants to resist the urge to lower their thermostats while they are gone for the day during severely cold weather.
Inform your tenants that it is recommended that you let your faucets drip when the temperatures are expected to be in the 20s or below. This will allow the water to constantly move through the pipes at a consistent, yet slow pace, in turn preventing any stationary water that may collect within the pipes from freezing.
Inform tenants that will be away during freezing temperatures to open the doors to kitchen and bathroom cabinets under their sinks so heat from the room will help to warm the pipes.